Top 5 Vietnamese Pantry Items

Soy Sauce

Oyster Sauce

Fish Sauce

Fish Sauce

Soy Sauce is a brown salty liquid used as a condiment and seasoning. It is made from fermenting soybeans, salt, water and sometimes grains. The fermentation can last anywhere from 6 months to years. After fermentation, the mixture is strained. The liquid is then bottled and pasteurized. There are many varieties of soy sauce. In the United States, you may notice 4 varieties on the shelf. Light, Dark, Tamari and Shoyu

Light soy(a) sauce:  A Chinese all-purpose soy sauce. Light in color, thin in consistency and saltier in flavor.  Often use as condiment or in dipping sauces. If a recipe calls for soy sauce without further specification, you are safe to assume light soy sauce. Light soy sauce may also be labeled as thin soy sauce.

Dark soy(a): A Chinese darker, thicker, and richer soy sauce. Molasses and corn starch are added and aged for a longer period than light soy sauce. Often use in marinades, sauces and wherever color is needed. Dark soy sauce may also be labeled as thick soy sauce.

Shoyu - A Japanese variety of all-purpose soy sauce.

Tamari: The gulten-free Japanese variety of soy sauce made with little to no wheat.


Oyster sauce is a thick, brown sauce with a earthy, salty, slightly sweet flavor. It is traditionally made by simmering oysters in water until the liquid reduces and caramelizes into a thick brown sauce. Nowadays, for mass production, oyster sauce starts off with a base of sugar, salt, MSG, and soy sauce. Corn starch is used to thicken the sauce and oyster extract is added at the end for the umami flavor. An vegetarian version of oyster sauce uses mushrooms instead of oysters.

Oyster sauce is often used to dress vegetables and noodles in many stir-fry dishes. It's also used as the base of many marinades.

My favorite oyster sauce is Lee Kum Kee's Premium Oyster Flavored Sauce.


A whiff from this bottle can have you running for the door. Some people often refer to it as liquid death. Fish sauce is a staple ingredient in many Southeast Asian cuisine, particularly Vietnamese and Thai cooking. Fish sauce is made from fermented fish. Fish (usually anchovies), salt and water is left to ferment in the hot sun for a few months up to a year, breaking down into their own juices. That liquid is then strained, filtered and bottled.

Fish sauce is a clear reddish brown with a highly pungent aroma and salty taste. When combined with sugar and other spices, the flavor mellows out to provide a more apparent umami and complex flavor. Fish sauce is often used in marinades and dipping sauces. For dipping sauces, lime juice is added to reduce the fishy smell. Before you go knocking on fish sauce, think of it as the Southeast Asian equivalent of Worcestershire sauce, which is also made out of anchovies. I can't go without fish sauce in my pantry. At the same time, I'll die if I ever get fish sauce on my clothes. 

There are many types of fish sauce, which is apparent when you walk into an Asian store with shelves lined with endless brands My all-time favorite is Viet Huong's 3 Crabs Fish Sauce.


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